Once again, Erdoğan seeks to alter the political structure of the Republic of Turkey. When he became the Prime Minister in 2003, the Turkish state reflected the long Turkish history of seeking Europe. Atatürk created a Western state out of the remains of the Ottoman Empire. The new Republic of Turkey combined France's parliamentary system and anti-clericalism. Since then, Erdoğan has consistently moved Turkey from a French system towards a US system.
The 2017 constitutional referendum marked the latest step. How did it go, and what can we learn about Turkey?
The Kingdom of Cambodia, also known as Kampuchea, has spent the last few decades recovering from the Khmer Rouge and the resulting Vietnamese invasion. In 1993, Norodom Sihanouk was restored to the throne, and the long, slow process of democratization began. While elections take place at regular intervals, Cambodia is a one-party dominant state.
The parliament recently passed laws to protect the democratic process. What may be some consequences of those laws?
Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world. It is primarily located between India and Afghanistan, although it shares a desert border with Iran and a mountainous border with China. As a former British colony, one would expect its government style to be based on the Westminster model. However, Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic with a president.
The ruling party won 18 of the 48 seats in the Senate in Friday's election. What does this mean for Pakistan?
Sri Lanka held its quinquennial presidential election in January. It put incumbent Mahinda Rajapaksa against Maithripala Sirisena for the presidency. The election was close. Rajapaksa expected to win reelection easily.
Sirisena won, but was it fairly?
The Arab Spring continues to wreak havoc on Syria. Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, there have been more than 100,000 deaths. And yet, even in the midst of the war, Syria holds to its democratic processes. Syria held parliamentary elections in 2012, and is currently holding presidential elections.
What are the effects of the war on the elections?