The Republic of the Sudan is a one-party dominant State. According to the constitution, the Sudanese Presidency has a five-year term, with no restrictions on re-elections. President Omar al-Bashir became the seventh president of Sudan in 1989. Today, he stands for his fourth election.
What are his chances of winning?
Egypt's trek from Mubarek's overthrow to a stable nation has been long and arduous. The celebrations in Tahrir Square seem far too distant. The jubilation of the prospect of a genuine democracy seems a dream from last night. In the days since the protests against President Hosni Mubarek began, Egyptians have experienced at least two coups d'état, three constitutional referenda, and two presidential elections.
Is Sisi's election what Egypt needs?
That the Arab Spring brought many changes to Libya is an understatement. The February 2011 revolution starting in Benghazi overthrew Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, who had led Libya since 1969, and replaced him with the National Transitional Council. That transitional body was replaced with the General National Congress, whose job was to govern Libya until the Constitutional Assembly passed a new constitution.
It is now 2014, and Libya still does not have that permanent constitution. Where did it go wrong?
This is the second in a series of articles on the 2014 Egyptian Constitutional referendum. In the previous post (article: Egypt’s Referendum 2014), I examined the curious relationship between the invalidation rate and the support for the referendum. This implies unfairness in the election, not necessarily fraud. It could simply be that the electoral system is unfair to a certain segment of the population—a segment that overwhelmingly opposed the referendum.
So, is it a result of the electoral system?
The Arab Spring was not easy on Egypt, and still is not. Hosni Mubarak was removed in a coup. He was eventually replaced by the popularly-elected Mohammed Morsi (article: The Quality of Mursi). Morsi, who seemed to be a compromise candidate, was then removed in the 2013 military coup. On January 14 and 15, 2014, Egyptians again went to the polls, this time to amend the constitution (article: Elections Called in Egypt).
How did that turn out?