Center for Electoral Forensics
The Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria

Egypt’s Referenda 2011 and 2012

This is the second in a series of articles on the 2014 Egyptian Constitutional referendum. In the previous post (article: Egypt’s Referendum 2014), I examined the curious relationship between the invalidation rate and the support for the referendum. This implies unfairness in the election, not necessarily fraud. It could simply…

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The Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria

Egypt’s Referenda 2011 and 2012

This is the second in a series of articles on the 2014 Egyptian Constitutional referendum. In the previous post (article: Egypt’s Referendum 2014), I examined the curious relationship between the invalidation rate and the support for the referendum. This implies unfairness in the election, not necessarily fraud. It could simply…

Read More
Pyramids at Giza

Egypt’s Referendum 2014

The Arab Spring was not easy on Egypt, and still is not. Hosni Mubarak was removed in a coup. He was eventually replaced by the popularly-elected Mohammed Morsi (article: The Quality of Mursi). Morsi, who seemed to be a compromise candidate, was then removed in the 2013 military coup. On…

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Pyramids at Giza

Egypt’s Referendum 2014

The Arab Spring was not easy on Egypt, and still is not. Hosni Mubarak was removed in a coup. He was eventually replaced by the popularly-elected Mohammed Morsi (article: The Quality of Mursi). Morsi, who seemed to be a compromise candidate, was then removed in the 2013 military coup. On…

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[tahrir Square]

Elections Called in Egypt

The Arab Spring was not easy on Egypt. Egyptians left the structure of an autocrat for the freedom of freedom. On November 28, 2011, Egypt held its parliamentary election. On June 24, 2012, Egypt elected Mohammed Morsi president (article: The Quality of Mursi). At the time, Morsi seemed to be…

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