Category: Africa (page 1 of 20)

Africa is the world’s second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. The birthplace of humans, Africa was also a birthplace of civilization (Egypt), of empires (Carthage and Mali), and of camel caravans (trans-Saharan). Africa is well known for the slave trade (both Arab and Atlantic), scrambles, dictators, famines, genocide, AIDS, and war.

Recent history sees Africa trying to climb out of the pits of colonialism, autocracy, and corruption. Much democratic progress has been made since the end of the Cold War in 1991. However, there is much room for improvement. Recent abortions of democracy have taken place in Chad, Sudan, Côte d’Ivoire, and Gambia. Corruption is still the rule, the least corrupt countries are Botswana and South Africa, but both are still more corrupt than a typical non-African country. The good news is that there is no direction for Africa except up. The bad news is that I am an optimist.

The Gambia

[Flag of the Gambia]The Islamic Republic of the Gambia came into being in 1965, after winning independence from the United Kingdom. In the intervening half-century, the Gambia has flirted with democracy, a union with Senegal, and military government. The current president, Yahya Jammeh, came to power in 1994 as a result of a military coup. In December 2016, the Gambia held its fourth presidential election since then.

How did Jammeh do against his rival, Barrow?

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Burundi's Presidential Election

[Flag of Burundi]The Republic of Burundi is a landlocked country in eastern Africa surrounded by Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda. It suffered its own genocide in 1972, where 100,000 Hutu and 10,000 Tutsi were killed. Current president, Pierre Nkurunziza, is the son of a Tutsi mother and Hutu father.

Has this son of all Burundi brought the country together?

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Bashir Wins

[Flag of Sudan]Omar al-Bashir became president of Sudan in 1989 through a coup d'état. Since then, he won the elections of 1996, 2000, and 2010. As discussed in Bashir and Sudan, the 2015 elections were held between April 13 and 16.

Did Bashir win these elections?

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Bashir and Sudan

[Flag of Sudan]The Republic of the Sudan is a one-party dominant State. According to the constitution, the Sudanese Presidency has a five-year term, with no restrictions on re-elections. President Omar al-Bashir became the seventh president of Sudan in 1989. Today, he stands for his fourth election.

What are his chances of winning?

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Jonathan Lost

[Flag of Nigeria]The Federal Republic of Nigeria held its latest quadrennial presidential election. Most polls showed the challenger, Muhammadu Buhari, ahead of incumbent Goodluck Jonathan. None of the polls, however, were believable in terms of sampling method, age, and weighting. But, broken clocks and poor polls can be right once in a while. Buhari won and Jonathan willingly stepped down. This is the biggest step a State can make on its way to full democracy.

What can we learn about the election?

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