Center for Electoral Forensics
[eastern Thrace near Edirne, Turkey]

Turkish Delight

Once again, Erdoğan seeks to alter the political structure of the Republic of Turkey. When he became the Prime Minister in 2003, the Turkish state reflected the long Turkish history of seeking Europe. Atatürk created a Western state out of the remains of the Ottoman Empire. The new Republic of…

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The Temple at Luxor

Sisi Wins in a Landslide

Egypt’s trek from Mubarek’s overthrow to a stable nation has been long and arduous. The celebrations in Tahrir Square seem far too distant. The jubilation of the prospect of a genuine democracy seems a dream from last night. In the days since the protests against President Hosni Mubarek began, Egyptians…

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The Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria

Egypt’s Referenda 2011 and 2012

This is the second in a series of articles on the 2014 Egyptian Constitutional referendum. In the previous post (article: Egypt’s Referendum 2014), I examined the curious relationship between the invalidation rate and the support for the referendum. This implies unfairness in the election, not necessarily fraud. It could simply…

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The Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria

Egypt’s Referenda 2011 and 2012

This is the second in a series of articles on the 2014 Egyptian Constitutional referendum. In the previous post (article: Egypt’s Referendum 2014), I examined the curious relationship between the invalidation rate and the support for the referendum. This implies unfairness in the election, not necessarily fraud. It could simply…

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Pyramids at Giza

Egypt’s Referendum 2014

The Arab Spring was not easy on Egypt, and still is not. Hosni Mubarak was removed in a coup. He was eventually replaced by the popularly-elected Mohammed Morsi (article: The Quality of Mursi). Morsi, who seemed to be a compromise candidate, was then removed in the 2013 military coup. On…

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