The Islamic Republic of the Gambia came into being in 1965, after winning independence from the United Kingdom. In the intervening half-century, the Gambia has flirted with democracy, a union with Senegal, and military government. The current president, Yahya Jammeh, came to power in 1994 as a result of a military coup. In December 2016, the Gambia held its fourth presidential election since then.
How did Jammeh do against his rival, Barrow?
Sri Lanka held its quinquennial presidential election in January. It put incumbent Mahinda Rajapaksa against Maithripala Sirisena for the presidency. The election was close. Rajapaksa expected to win reelection easily.
Sirisena won, but was it fairly?
The Arab Spring continues to wreak havoc on Syria. Since the beginning of the Syrian civil war in 2011, there have been more than 100,000 deaths. And yet, even in the midst of the war, Syria holds to its democratic processes. Syria held parliamentary elections in 2012, and is currently holding presidential elections.
What are the effects of the war on the elections?
The Arab Spring was not easy on Egypt, and still is not. Hosni Mubarak was removed in a coup. He was eventually replaced by the popularly-elected Mohammed Morsi (article: The Quality of Mursi). Morsi, who seemed to be a compromise candidate, was then removed in the 2013 military coup. On January 14 and 15, 2014, Egyptians again went to the polls, this time to amend the constitution (article: Elections Called in Egypt).
How did that turn out?
Just a quick update on July's Mexican election. According to official results, Enrique Peña Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) received 38% of the vote, a plurality, and the Presidency of Mexico. There was no region that overwhelmingly voted for Nieto, although no opponent won a northern state.